The thickened, twisting or dilated veins are called Varicose veins can form anywhere in the body, but they are most often located in the legs.
Varicose veins become more prominent as a person ages.
Veins in the leg are either superficial or deep.
The superficial veins and their branches are close to the skin. Deep veins are not involved in varicose vein problem. Deterioration of superficial veins can cause many symptoms. One of them is just cosmetic others are pain, heavy leg feeling, crump during the night mostly in calf causing very intensive pain. Swelling of the leg.
The reason for or all these symptoms called syndrome is Venous congestion in lower leg caused by not properly functioning superficial venous system. Valves can be malfunctioning and retrograde flow occurs in both legs. It causes oxigenisation problem in tissues, edema. Itching, shiny dry skin, crumps are just complications of circulation problem.
The deep veins are encased by muscle and connective tissue, which help to pump the blood in the veins and back to the heart. The veins have one-way valves to prevent them from developing varicosities.
Before any surgical intervention DUPLEX Scan (kind of ultrasound scan) should be performed excluding any blockage of deep veins.
Treatment of varicose veins
Sclerotherapy on small spider veins (small vessels very close to skin).They occurs after pregnancies, doesn’t cause pain but cosmetic problems. Small injection with a special agent can block the vein which will dissolve by the time.
Sure surgical removal of superficial venous system which facilitates venous blood flow back to heart and giving relief for venous congestion in leg. Removal of big dilated veins from leg gives nice cosmetic result with few very small scars over the skin.
Laser ablation with special surgical catheter on vessels.
Wearing stockings and certain medicines are the part of treatment of varicose veins.